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"Eternal Gospel" - Bread for every family!
Th.D.Valeriy Gromov, Th.M.Galina Gromova

This article is a presentation of the apologetics regarding the Law of Grace in the Kingdom of God, which is governed by the principles inherent in the relationship between Father and Son. It is based on an examination of different translations of Matthew 11:12.

Martin Luther: "If I profess, with the loudest voice and the clearest exposition, every portion of the truth of God except precisely that little point which the world and the devil are at that moment attacking, I am not confessing Christ, however boldly I may be professing Christianity. Where the battle rages the loyalty of the soldier is proved; and to be steady on all the battle-field besides is mere flight and disgrace to him if he flinches at that one point." [10, 5].

Let us begin with the well-known Scripture from the Gospel of Mathew 11:12, which quite often is quoted by Church ministers in their preaching. Many quote it, but not all think about how appropriate it is to refer to this verse. They typically are using it to say something about how it is necessary to pray, fast and observe spiritual discipline in order to grow in faith and maturity. In fact, it is used for preaching about the "violent take by force" the Kingdom of Heaven in any form. To examine whether this is an appropriate use of this Scripture, it will be important for us to make sure that this verse is really identical to the text of original in that translation which we use, and then consider whether we understand it correctly.

Here is Matthew 11:12 from widely used Russian Synodal Translation: "From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven is taken by force, and those who are using efforts take it" [1]. We will refer to the original text to investigate each word [7, page 57]. Please note that William Barkley and Dr. Spiros Zodhiates state in their articles and comments that this verse is considered as the most difficult verse for translation and understanding in all New Testament. We will have more to say about these issues.

There are no difficulties with the translation of the first words of this verse: "From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of Heaven..." The problems start from the second half of the verse, where is written: "...is taken by force, and those who are using efforts take it". The Greek word for "ОІО№О¬О¶П‰" (biadzo) - a verb of the Present Tense, Passive voice, Indicative mood (even Dr. Spiros Zodhiates emphasizes that it is Passive voice) [14, p.336-337] which translated as: to be exposed to violence, to be abused, forced, pressed, overcome [2, p.249]. This word ОІО№бЅ±О¶П‰ (biadzo) refers to physical strength as might be in a person's hand, but not to strength of spirit, mind or will [14, p.337]. In the Russian Synodal Bible, it translated as "is taken by force", whereas a translation that is more accurate would be: "exposed to violence" [2, p.249]. Moreover, translation of the words: "taken by force", is a very "delicate" translation of the word ОІО№О±ПѓП„О®П‚ (biastes). Literally, it means: "tyrants (rapists)" or people, "who use strength" [2, p.347]. Furthermore, the word бјЃПЃПЂбЅ±О¶П‰ (harpadzo) in the Russian Synodal Bible is translated as "take it", but this fails to capture the actual connotations of the word. Literally, it carries the implication of: to grab, to steal, to plunder, to rob, to invade and to capture [2, p.199].

In the original text this word бјЃПЃПЂбЅ±О¶П‰ (harpadzo) - is a verb of the Present Tense, Active voice and Indicative mood. [2, p.199; 14, p.257]. And it is used in the Present Tense, Imperfect form, expressing the action, which started in the past, continues in present time and which will continue in future. That is, the Heavenly Kingdom was exposed to, is exposed to, and will continue to be exposed to violence from unrighteous people. That correctly represents such a verb form. But we must also include the word "try", as it is a verb which expresses incomplete action. That is, they "try to grab it (to take it)", although they never could, cannot, and will not be able to take the Kingdom of Heaven.

If we assume that the translation of this verse in the Russian Synodal Bible is correct in meaning, then those who "take by force" the Kingdom of Heaven, cannot finish this action inasmuch as the form of this verb expresses incomplete, unfinished action. In that case such a translation in general loses meaning.

Translation of this verse from new Russian translation "the Eternal Gospel" which literally satisfies to the original sounds so: "From the days of John the Baptist until now the Kingdom of Heaven is exposed to violence and those who are using force try to capture it" [3, p.39]. With this translation, which adheres closely to the original text, the sense of the verse and its interpretation in the context of the Gospel of Mathew considerably changes.

Based on the laws of hermeneutics, it is important to examine closely how the translation of the verse from Mathew 11:12 corresponds to the text of the original, to the whole teaching of Jesus Christ, to His main doctrines, and to the context of the Gospel of Mathew.

For this purpose, we will start by addressing such verses as Luk.1:17 and Mal.4:5-6, which will help to place the interpretation of this text within the context of the doctrine of the whole Bible [1, p.892; 830]. So then, why in Luk.1:17 did the angel say that John the Baptist would come in Elijah's spirit and strength? To answer this question it is necessary to address the last book of the Old Testament, the book of prophet Malachi, and its last verses (Mal.4:5-6) where in the original of the Masoretic text written: "Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the sons, and the heart of the sons to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse". Here the term for son is the Hebrew word Ч‘ЦёЦјЧ ЦґЧ™Чќ (bane) - son, descendant - this word in Greek in the Septuagint is П…бј±бЅ№П‚, also translated as son [2, p.1268].

Remember the story of relationship between the prophets Elijah and Elisha, how in that moment when Elijah ascended on a fiery chariot, from Elisha's spirit escaped the cry: "My father, my father!" This is a key to understanding that Elijah's spirit is the spirit of a father since, in fact, Elijah was not only a prophet, but spiritual father to Elisha. And from his heart, Elisha was his spiritual son, and therefore as first-born he received a double anointing in heritage. As a prophet, Elijah was a living witness to the nature of God, and from the lips of his closest associate we hear testimony as to what that nature is. We can conclude, therefore, that the spirit of Prophet Elijah spoken of in Malachi is the Spirit of the Father, and that fathers and sons are a core issue in the coming Kingdom, referred to in Malachi as the, "great and terrible day of the Lord". In addition, in this Elijah's Spirit, in the Spirit of the Father, John the Baptist came. It follows that Matthew 11:12 is directly connected with the doctrine of the Kingdom of Heaven, which in turn is based on the relationship of the Father and Son, which Jesus brought on earth [13, p.155]. This linkage is the bedrock upon which the Lord's Prayer stands, inasmuch He taught apostles to pray: "Our Father... Thy Kingdom come, Thy will be done, both in heaven and on earth" [3, page 24].

It is important here to understand that John the Baptist, as well as Jesus, came to a society which didn't know and had no revelation about God as the Father in full. They began to preach about the Kingdom of Heaven, about its laws of grace, about its order and structure, how at the head there is God as the loving Father and his Son - the Messiah. Jesus, in particular, came to reveal the Father in relationship with the Son, showing their perfect union, the Heavenly Family. That thought was strange and offensive for religious thinking Jews, especially to accept this from the One, who they knew as the carpenter's son. Therefore from the first days when John the Baptist began to preach that the Kingdom of Heaven has come near, til the days when the Apostle Paul wrote in Rom.3:21-26: "...the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed... through faith of Jesus Christ... being justified freely, and are by His grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus..." - all that is needed is to repent of their sins and accept God's mercy and forgiveness; accept the Son as the Savior and His Father's adoption. [9 p.833; 8 p.312; 3 p.449] it has been the same message. However, there was fierce resistance from the side of Scribes and Pharisees, and from the side of the King Herod. John the Baptist, being a prophet and forerunner of Christ, according to the revelation of God the Father "prepared the way for the Lord", declaring the truth about Him who was endowed with the power to manifest the Kingdom of Heaven and to restore the House of God. He was the first to receive, in himself, the consequences of disobedience to the message of the arrival of this new era in Israel society and all humanity.

The doctrinal concept of restoring the Fatherhood of God to man after the Fall can be traced through the types and shadows recorded through the physical and spiritual fatherhood and sonship in the Old Testament, from the Five Books of Moses to Book of Prophet Malachi [9, p.832]. To consider now the model of the Kingdom of Heaven shown in the example of relationship of fathers and sons in the house of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob [13, p.157] is beyond the scope of the present paper. Instead we will limit our comments to the narrow topic of spiritual sons and spiritual fathers. The Prophet Elijah is one of the brightest representatives of such a spiritual father. He was the prototype, lending his name to the baton passed to John the Baptist as a prophet on the junction of the two eras; a prophet who came in the spirit and power of Elijah, in the spirit of father [13, p.135]. The New Testament marks the era when the concept of the originals and shadows coming out into the light of the Spirit's reality, the projection of heaven to the earth. The Son of God, who, according the prophet Isaiah (9:6) is "Everlasting Father" revealed the Father's nature, character, and love, and is the key to understanding how God was going to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, as prophetically spoken through Malachi (Mal.4:5-6). "On Earth as it is in Heaven" is about spiritual fatherhood and sonship in God's House, which is antitype of relationships of children of God with Heavenly Father [13, p.135].

Therefore, the relationships father-to-son and son-to-father, which demonstrate for us the Heavenly Father and the Son of God, Jesus, is the key to our understanding, not only the structure of Heavenly Kingdom, but also the key to understanding how open free entrance there is, and why violence and seizing it, especially by physical strength - is not the Biblical approach to solving such spiritual matters.

This is also confirmed by the words of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke 22:29, where it is written: "And I bequeath to you, as my Father bequeathed to Me, - Kingdom" [3, p.242]. Therefore, the Kingdom is an inheritance from God the Father, and only sons can inherit. "So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you also an heir" (Gal. 4:7) [3, p.564; 9, p.836; 8, p.312-313]. Therefore, if the Kingdom is an inheritance and sons are its rightful heirs, then why there is a need for it to be taken by force? It is not the violent who will hold the Kingdom as spoils of war; the Kingdom of God is given into the righteous hands and good governance of His sons. This is possible if there is an appropriate relationship between the Heavenly Father and His sons, leading to appropriate relationships between physical fathers and sons.

Therefore, owing to the Spirit of fatherhood, God will turn the hearts of the fathers to the sons and the hearts of the sons to their fathers, so people can recognize through their example of right relationships in their physical or spiritual family, what structure of Kingdom of Heaven is, and the deep relationship that Heavenly Father wants to have with His sons in Christ. These sons He intended to enter legally into sonship as co-heirs of His Son Jesus Christ - through the Door –not to break in as thieves and robbers; climbing somewhere, doing lawlessness, trying to capture other people's heritage. God the Father bequeathed only to His sons, to those born of His Spirit through the adoption by the sacrifice of His Only Begotten Son, to those who became members of His Family, His House, and continue to grow in this relationship with the Father in the full measure of the Son of God, Jesus Christ. And none of this is achieved by carnal efforts, but because of the sovereign will of God, by grace and faith in Him. That is why Jesus said: "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him..." (John.6: 44); "... and know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified" (Gal.2: 16) [3, p.274, 560].

Receiving the Son, receiving His Spirit by faith, identified with Him in His death and resurrection, we are born again and get the great privilege of adoption by God the Father, which restores our lost status of sons [9, p. 834-836; 8, p.312-313]. And what we were before? It turns out - spiritual orphans. From Adam and Eve through all generations we have inherited the orphan spirit, orphan thinking, manifested first of all in self-defense, self-sufficiency and self-promotion.

Why do orphans have to do so? Because, as orphans they were deprived of paternal care and paternal support. Adam and Eve made this choice, not listening to loving Father and His command not to eat of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Thus they have sinned not just against Holy God and their Creator, but sin has separated them and deprived them of the Father and of Father's House, which was for them the Garden of Eden. At one moment they changed their status from sons to orphans. Their behavior which followed, and their orphan mentality left them open to the father of lies - the devil, who was a first orphan himself, cast out of Heaven [13, p.33]. They feared and hid from God (self-defense), sewed themselves aprons from fig leaves (self-sufficiency), and now by the sweat of his own brow Adam needed to get bread himself, cultivating land cursed because of him. Their whole focus became how to survive alone in this world.

Returning to the theme of the Kingdom of Heaven, let us ask ourselves the question: does the Father intend that His heritance - the Kingdom of Heaven - belong to the children of slaves, which, in fact, are spiritual orphans, inasmuch as the mindset they have is the same? That question might be easier to answer if you imagine yourself in the place of the Heavenly Father. Let each one, as an earthly father, ask yourself the question: "Should I leave my inheritance, my business or estate, to my son (daughter), or should I leave it to my employee who has only been with the business a short while, and or perhaps to some raider who wants to take the inheritance by force, which rightfully belongs to my children?" I think it's a rhetorical question and the answer is clear to each of us. And if you, as the Scripture says, "being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children", how much more does your Heavenly Father know to whom His inheritance - the Kingdom of Heaven - belongs! It belongs to His sons in covenant whom He has produced for Himself through grace. Heirs, matured and trained, to whom He can entrust His heritance, knowing that they will righteously manage it, and that they not only will not waste it but multiply it, and in multiplying it, acquire and train theirs followers - new heirs: new spiritual and physical sons.

So, the structure of House of God was conceived by God, consisting in several generations of sons. In the Old Testament - it is foreshadowed by the household of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. In the New Testament, it is the Church - the House of God - consisting of generations of spiritual fathers and sons, transmitting the culture of Heaven and the mindset, not of orphans, but peculiar to the new creation. A culture created in God's image - the mindset and nature of God's Son Jesus Christ, by who's name are called every generation in heaven and on earth (Eph. 3: 15) [3, p.574; 13, p.151].

That is why John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah, in the spirit of father, to prepare the way to the Lord, who will bring into the Kingdom of Heaven those, who will be prepared for this and open their hearts to the call of the Heavenly Father. As it is written in the Gospel of Luke 1:17: "And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous - to make ready a people prepared for the Lord" [3, p.160].

Therefore, the last verses of the last chapter of the book of Malachi stand as a testament from the Old Testament time that in the time of the New Testament God will restore His primary plan. This arrangement of God's Family, this House of God built through the restoration of relations between believers on the basis of true fatherhood and sonship will reveal God's own example the love to the world in His Son Jesus Christ. For the Lord said: "I and the Father are One" (John 10:30); "...Anyone who has seen Me has seen the Father..." (Jn. 14:9), "As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love" (Jh. 15:9) [3, p.289, 302, 304].

The Father, through the Son, has already prepared an inheritance - the Kingdom of Heaven - because Jesus says: "Father! I want those you have given me to be with me where I am..." (Jn. 17:24) [3, p.310]. In John 8:35-36 it is written: "Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed" [3, p.282]. He sets us free from what? He sets us free from sin and its consequences; slavery, orphan mentality, and death, through the adoption in the Son of God.

Therefore grace and its laws, the laws of the Kingdom of Heaven, open free entry to those for whom He has prepared access to it, as His inheritance (Eph. 1:3-14). In Romans 8:16-17 says: "The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children. Now if we are children, then we are heirs - heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory" [3, p.478]. Only the Son of God, through His sacrifice, could restore our lost status and lost rights as sons and heirs.

Turning once again to the important understanding that the Kingdom of Heaven cannot be taken by force, remember that Jesus says in Mathew 18:3: "Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like little children, you will never enter the Kingdom of Heaven" [3, p.61]. Is there any physical force (in hand) children have, which would allow them to take through violence the Kingdom of Heaven? The answer is obvious, and shows, once again, that the entrance to the Kingdom of Heaven does not involve the carnal and physical force of person. Paul tells us in Romans 14:17, "...for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit." And in 1 Corinthians 4:20 "For the kingdom of God does not consist in words but in power." It was the Holy Spirit, and His ОґбЅ»ОЅО±ОјО№П‚ (dunamis) power that Jesus' disciples received in the day of Pentecost, since in the days of John the Baptist (for Jesus said, "from the days of John the Baptist"), the Holy Spirit had not been poured out yet. It is His ОґбЅ»ОЅО±ОјО№П‚ (dunamis) power by which the Holy Spirit makes us sons and brings the Kingdom of God. It is impossible to ignore the fact that the semantics of the word ОІО№бЅ±О¶П‰ (biadzo) means physical force enclosed in a human's hand [10, p.362]. If do not make a difference in the meaning of these Greek words, it means we ignore all existing hermeneutics laws, building own human doctrines contrary to what is written in His Word.

To reinforce our conclusions, we give only a few places of Scripture, showing how important it is to consider some concepts in the context of the whole Gospel, and even the whole Bible.

In the same chapter of Mathew 11:25-27 says: "At that time Jesus said... "All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him" [3, p.40]. To whom would Jesus want to reveal the Father? Perhaps those who understand their need of Him. Those who come with recognition of their poverty, their orphaned state, their fatherlessness, their complete bankruptcy: spiritual, emotional and physical. "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" (Mt. 5:3) [3, p.19]. Jesus continues: "Come unto me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest" (Mt. 11:28), "Take my yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls" (Mt. 11:29) [3, p.40].

In Mathew 11:28 Greek word ОєОїПЂО№бЅ±П‰ (kopiao) translated as: work, tire oneself, suffer, be tired, emaciated, exhausted, fatigued, suffering [2, p.722]. And the word "suffering" means one who has undergone or who is undergoing a lot of physical or mental suffering. Semantics of the word "burdened": one who is under the yoke, pressure, burdens (of life); one whom torment, depressing, aggrieves something; one who carry something abnormal, excessively heavy, difficult [5, v.2 p.615]. Such a life is the destiny of orphans. They have lost their Father's blessings, provision and coverage. But the saddest thing is, that person with the mindset of an orphan has already grown so accustomed to living in their own strength they cannot see the way out of this pattern of life. On this earth, life has developed from generation to generation in the culture of fatherlessness. But there is a way out. Jesus points to Himself as the Way and the Door. This way out - through the Door - which is the sonship of Jesus, which is the shortest path, will lead right into the arms of the Father, and the legacy of all that He has for us.

If "the Kingdom of Heaven is taken by force", then the emphasis must be on works of flesh; personal efforts, and personal merits. But then, where is the place of grace? What is the sense of Jesus' sacrifice? Can we "take" Kingdom of Heaven on our own "by force", or by "using efforts"? As the Apostle Paul said: "I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!" (Gal. 2:21) [3, p.561].

Why is it that God in these last days especially draws our attention, not to works (even good works!), but to the motives of the heart with which they are made, and not to achievements, but to relationships based on love? Because, God is love and He looks at our hearts. He looks to see if there is love to Him as to Father and love to our to neighbor, as to oneself. Only love given in the House of the Father through close relationships with Him provides the training of the sons. It is the experiential entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven, where the heirs, heirs with Christ, expect eternal love, peace, joy and glory of the Father and of the Son. Into this Kingdom we can bring only His Word - the Gospel of salvation, the Gospel of the Kingdom, as well as power, but the power of the Holy Spirit, which is the ОґбЅ»ОЅО±ОјО№П‚ (dunamis), the power of the Spirit of grace (Heb. 10:29), but not ОІО№бЅ±О¶П‰ (biadzo - power encased in a people's hand), fleshly efforts [2, p.347; 3, p.656, 14, p.337].

The translation of Matthew 11:12 in the "Eternal Gospel", which, I remind you, states: "From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven is taken by force, and those who are using efforts take it", conforms to all existing laws of hermeneutics, conforming with the harmony of translation of the whole Bible and the teachings of Christ, but because of our limited time, I will try to show you this Scripture in the context of all Gospel from Matthew and a few other books of the New Testament [3, p.39]. Comment is unnecessary - the Word speaks for itself.

So in Matthew 11:14 Jesus says: "And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come" [3, p.39]; "But I tell you, Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but have done to him everything they wished. In the same way the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands" (Mt. 17:12) [3, p.60]. "Therefore I am sending you prophets and sages and teachers. Some of them you will kill and crucify; others you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town" (Mt. 23:34) [3, p.80]."Then you will be handed over to be persecuted and put to death, and you will be hated by all nations because of me" (Mt. 24:9) [3, p.81]. Apostle Paul also writes: "We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God" (Act.14:22) [3, p.369]. And again: "...fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy set before Him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God. Consider Him who endured such opposition from sinners, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart" (Heb. 12:2-3) [3, p.661].

"Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you life as your victor's crown" (Rev.2:10) [3, p.670].

Consider the second part of Matthew 11:12: "...taken by force (literal translation: rapists), and those who are using efforts take it", in the light of the words of John the Baptist about the Pharisees and the Sadducees. They were among the first to flock to John as he was baptizing, trying to fulfill righteousness in the physical act the of baptism, without proper faith, without making fruit worthy of repentance [3, p.39]. "But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: 'You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? Produce fruit in keeping with repentance...'" (Mt. 3:7-8) [3, p.15].

Therefore, Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew, condemning the hypocrisy of the Scribes and Pharisees, saying seven times "Woe to you", shows the reasons that they can never come into the Kingdom of Heaven. They are trying to please God with trust in the Law and in the works of flesh, but not in faith. Theirs was ostentatious religiosity, devoid of inner content. "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the door of the kingdom of heaven in people's faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to" (Mt. 23:13) [3, p.78].

Other verses from the Gospel of Matthew, which confirm the translation of Matthew 11:12, shown in "Eternal Gospel", you can study by yourself: Mt.2 :13.16; 3:7-8; 5:10-12; 5:20; 10:16-25; 14:3-12; 17:11-13; 22:2-14; 23:13-36; 24:8-14; 26:45-46; 26:55; 27:26-50.

In addition, these quotations of other authoritative sources show that they also confirm above mentioned arguments.

Barkley in his comments to the New Testament writes: "It sounds as if Matthew was saying: 'From the days of John, who was thrown into prison, right down to our own times the Kingdom of heaven has suffered violence and persecution at the hands of violent men'... What Jesus may well have said is: 'Always my Kingdom will suffer violence; always savage men will try to break it up, and snatch it away and destroy it...' It may well be that this saying of Jesus was originally at one and the same time a warning of violence to come and a challenge to produce a devotion which would be even stronger than the violence" [12, p.12-15].

In the translation of David Stern in "Jewish New Testament", this verse sounds so: "From the time of Yohanan the Immerser until now, the Kingdom of Heaven has been suffering violence; yes, violent ones are trying to snatch it away" [4, p.17].

In the English translation The N.T. in the Language of Today is written: From the days of John the Baptizer until now the Kingdom of Heaven suffers violence, and violent men are trying to take it by force. In the Russian equivalent it sounds so: From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence (brutality, violence, assault and battery, lawlessness, outrage, anger) and violent people (outrageous, violent, angry, inhuman) are trying to take it by force [11, p.44].

Thus, adequate translation of the verse of Matthew 11:12 is inseparable part of the whole concept of the teachings of the Lord Jesus Christ about the Kingdom of Heaven.



  1. Bible, Russian Synodal Traslation, Light in the East, 2000;
  2. Weisman A.D. Th Greek-Russian Dictionary, Moscow, 1991;
  3. Gromov, V. A. Eternal Gospel, K. 2009; access mode: http://www.evangelie.kiev.ua
  4. David Stern, Jewish New Testament, I. 2003;
  5. V.I. Dal Glossary, M. 1978;
  6. Concise Greek-Russian Dictionary of the New Testament, C-P. 1995;
  7. The New Testament in Greek, with interlinear translation into Russian language, C-P. 2003;
  8. Henry Claren Thiessen Lectures in Systematic Theology, Logos, C-P. 1994;
  9. Wayne Grudem Systematic Theology: translated from English. St. Petersburg.: Msrt. 2004;
  10. Center of apologetic researches http://www.apologetika.ru
  11. Curtis Vaughan, Th.D. The New Testament from 26 translations;
  12. Robert Barcley "Bible Quote", Matthew 11:12; http://www.biblequotes.org
  13. Sam Soleyn J.D. My Father! My Father! N.M. 2011; http://www.soleyn.com/sams_books.html
  14. Spiros Zodhiates Th.D.

The words of the LORD are pure words:
as silver
tried in a furnace of earth,
seven times.

(Psalms 12:6)


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